Roots of North Indian Shi ism in Iran and Iraq Religion and State in Awadh In this pioneering study of the Twelver Shi i branch of Islam prevalent in Iraq and Iran J R I Cole traces the influence of Shi i rule on the development of religious communalism and conflict in the

  • Title: Roots of North Indian Shi'ism in Iran and Iraq: Religion and State in Awadh, 1722-1859
  • Author: Juan Cole
  • ISBN: 9780520056411
  • Page: 162
  • Format: Hardcover
  • In this pioneering study of the Twelver Shi i branch of Islam prevalent in Iraq and Iran, J R I Cole traces the influence of Shi i rule on the development of religious communalism and conflict in the North Indian State of Awadh Oudh He also examines the relationship of the Shi i clergy to the state and the clerical reaction to British imperialism and capitalism.BasedIn this pioneering study of the Twelver Shi i branch of Islam prevalent in Iraq and Iran, J R I Cole traces the influence of Shi i rule on the development of religious communalism and conflict in the North Indian State of Awadh Oudh He also examines the relationship of the Shi i clergy to the state and the clerical reaction to British imperialism and capitalism.Based on research in rare manuscripts and in archives, the book reveals that the Shi i clergy advocated policies that caused resentment among Sunnis and Hindus, thereby promoting religious communalism and setting the stage for modern communal conflict The Shi i learned men took government posts in support of Awadh s Shi i nawabs and shahs Awadh state support, in turn, helped transform Shi ism from a persecuted sect to a dominant, if still minority, religious establishment.Sociologically, the book draws attention to the specific role of the state in defining sect and church It also argues the importance of class divisions within the Shi i community, showing that the dominant clerical ideology was often not accepted by the laboring strata Cole s study supports the view that Muslim communalism in Northern India had genuine historical roots and was not simply an elite strategy of modern Muslim politicians Contrary to the arguments of some writers and to the image projected by Iran s current ayatullahs, he claims that most Shi i clergy did not play a role of opposition to the state.

    • Best Read [Juan Cole] ↠ Roots of North Indian Shi'ism in Iran and Iraq: Religion and State in Awadh, 1722-1859 || [Children's Book] PDF ☆
      162 Juan Cole
    • thumbnail Title: Best Read [Juan Cole] ↠ Roots of North Indian Shi'ism in Iran and Iraq: Religion and State in Awadh, 1722-1859 || [Children's Book] PDF ☆
      Posted by:Juan Cole
      Published :2020-05-23T18:23:21+00:00

    About “Juan Cole

    1. Juan Cole says:

      John Ricardo I Juan Cole born October 23, 1952 is an American scholar, public intellectual, and historian of the modern Middle East and South Asia He is Richard P Mitchell Collegiate Professor of History at the University of Michigan As a commentator on Middle Eastern affairs, he has appeared in print and on television, and testified before the United States Senate He has published several peer reviewed books on the modern Middle East and is a translator of both Arabic and Persian Since 2002, he has written a weblog, Informed Comment juancole.



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